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General Info
Nepal (pronounced /nəpal/ nə-PAHL, /-pal/ -PAWL; Nepali: नेपाल  [nepal], officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a himalayan country in South Asia and as of 2010, the world's most recent nation to become a republic. It is bordered to the north by the People's Republic of China, and to the south, east, and west by the Republic of India. With an area of 147,181 square kilometres (56,827 sq mi) and a population of approximately 30 million, Nepal is the world's 93rd largest country by land mass and the 41st most populous country. Kathmandu is the nation's capital and the country's largest metropolitan city.
Nepal is a country of highly diverse and rich geography, culture, and religions. The mountainous north has eight of the world's ten highest mountains, including the highest, Sagarmatha, known in English as Mount Everest. The fertile and humid south is heavily urbanized. It contains over 240 peaks more than 20,000 ft (6,096 m) above sea level.
By some measures, Hinduism is practiced by a larger majority of people (80%+) in Nepal than in any other nation. Buddhism, though a minority faith in the country, is linked historically with Nepal as the birthplace of the Buddha. About half of the population lives below the international poverty line of US$1.25 a day.
A monarchy throughout most of its history, Nepal was ruled by the Shah dynasty of kings from 1768, when Prithvi Narayan Shah unified its many small kingdoms. In 2006, however, a decade-long People's Revolution by the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) along with several weeks of mass protests by all major political parties of Nepal culminated in a peace accord, and the ensuing elections for the constituent assembly voted overwhelmingly in favor of the abdication of the last Nepali monarch Gyanendra Shah and the establishment of a federal democratic republic in May 28, 2008. The first President of Nepal, Ram Baran Yadav, was sworn in on 23 July 2008.

Must visit places
Cultural Sites of Kathmandu Valley, Kathmandu was once described as "Dream of Kew are the facts of Kathmandu".."As many houses as many temples, as many idols as many people"

Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur ancient palace complexes, a Medival Architecture and representative of Kirat, Licchavi and Malla Civilization
Swoyambhu, a Buddhist pilgrim site
Pashupati a Hindu pilgrim site
Boudha, a Tibetan Buddhist Pilgrim Site
Bishnu Budhanilkantha
Changunarayan Temple

Bird Watching Destination
Shivapuri/Nagarjung National Park - Hike/Drive
Chitwan National Park - Hike/Drive/Canoe/Elephants
Langtang National Park - Hike Drive
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve - Hike/Drive/Boating
Annapurna Conservation Area - Hike/Drive/Fly
Makalu Barun National Park - Hike/Fly
Bardia National Park - Hike/Raft/Drive

Hill Stations for sunrise and sunset over the himalayas

Trek Destinations
Everest Base Camp
Annapurna Base Camp
Annapurna Circuit
Mansaslu Circuit
Makalu Base Camp
Kanchenjungha Base Camp
Upper Mustang

White Water Rafting and Kayaking Rivers
Trishuli for the novice
Bhote Kosi for the exciting roller coaster ride
Sun Koshi for the Adventure
Kali Gandaki
Seti River
Bheri Karnali

Mahseer Fishing
Karnali River
Babai River
Phewa/Begnas Lake fishing for the novice

Bungy Jump
Tibet Border/Barhabise

Zip Flyer
Pokhara Sarangkot

Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve
Blue Sheep, Jharal Mountain Goat, Goral, Muntjak

Nepal Festivals, described as... As many days of the year as many festivals...
Festivity is synonym to the Nepalese Culture. For the Nepalese, festivals are not merely the annual spectacles, but also are a living part of their rich cultural heritage. Festivals effectively bind together the Nepalese people of diverse cultural backgrounds and beliefs into one nation. Most Nepalese festivals are related to different Hindu and Buddhist deities. They are celebrated on days consecrated for them by religion and tradition.

Monthly Festivals
•    Sweta Manchhendra Snan
•    Swasthani Puja
•    Maghe Sankranti 
•    Basanta Panchmi & Saraswati Puja
•    Maha Shivaratri
•    Losar
•    Fagu Purnima or Holi
•    Chaitra Dasain
•    Ghode Jatra
•    Biska Jatra
•    New Year\\\'s Day
•    Red Machhendranath Jatra
•    Buddha Jayanti
June -July-August    
•    Gunla
•    Krishna Astami
•    Janai Purnima
•    Gai Jatra 
•    Teej
•    Indra Jatra
•    Dasain or Durga Puja
•    Mani Rimdu
•    Tihar or Deepali
•    Balachaturdarsi
•    Bibah Panchani
•    Yomari Punhi

Kathmandu Mideval Heritage Walk

Katmandu – Cat Stevens
I sit beside the dark
Beneath the mire
Cold gray dusty day
The mornin' lake
Drinks up the sky
Katmandu, I'll soon be seein' you
And your strange bewilderin' time
Will hold me down
Chop me some broken wood
We'll start a fire
White warm light the dawn
And help me see
Old Satan's tree
Katmandu, I'll soon be touchin' you
And your strange bewilderin' time
Will hold me down
Pass me my hat and coat
Lock up the cabin
Slow night treat me right
Until' I go
Be nice to know
Katmandu, I'll soon be seein' you
And your strange bewilderin' time
Will keep me home

A temple dedicated to Lord Shiva built by a powerful minister of Bhupatendra Malla named Laxmi Narayan Joshi in 1688 AD. The 8 storey plinth was copied by Queen Riddhi  Laxmi in 1692 AD in making 9 stage plinth temple at Basantpur called Majju Dewal.
The largest bahal operated by 100 bajracharyas and 400 shakya families. It was built by Keshchandra in 11 century who became a wealthy man due to pigeons who left gold dung on feeding his rotten grain. He built Tundikhel for his worker Gurumapa who could consume 80 pounds of rice and a buffalo each year.(D5)
Home of the principle deity of Kathmandu Jan baha dyo or white Machhindra Nath. The lokeshwar’s chariot festival lasts for 3 days in the core city which is celebrated in the month of April. The deity is worshipped for longevity of life and prosperity and good rain
Established by King Gunkamdev as a gatekeeper at the southern city entrance. In those days every door of houses, temples and dyochen were made in a triangular shape and painted with eyes and sword depicting bhairab, In 1460 AD, King Amar Malla introduced 12 yearly Bhairab dance which still exists.(See sketch map)
Known as Annapurna devi is worshipped in the form of purna kalash-full of grain built in 987 AD by local traders for prosperity and cure for children’s disease. The temple was renovated in 1942 AD. The diety is worshipped on Sundays.
Home of the tantric priest Wak Bajra who made a stupa which followed him from Baneras which is known as Sigha chaitya today.After installing the stupa, he meditated inside his bahal for the rest of his life. The bahal also has its own Kumari worshipped by its branch bahals.
Once a thakuri king pointed out the lack of productivity of a farmer who used to leisure around at the inn. He challenged the king and finished a field work of thousand hands in a day. Supernatural power of a farmer revealed his true identity as Lord Bhimsen whose temple was erected in 1140 AD.
Home of tantric priest Surat Bajra, who defeated Dalai Lama in debates during his 12 years stay in Tibet in 15 century. It is said he once threw tea from the window. Upon investigation lamas discovered that his house was on fire which was extinguished by sudden rain in Kathmandu.
A deity from the sky or Akash Bhairab was once a Kirati King who joined the famous Mahabharat war at Kuruchhetra 3000 years ago. His head was spilt by Lord Krishna which fell at Indra-chowk after the war.
A grand mother goddess whose alter was established by King Gunkamdeva at Naradevi. She used to accept human sacrifice nar-vali which was discontinued. It is believed that major earthquakes in Kathmandu was a natural way to meet her human consumption. (also known as Sweta Kali).
Residence of the tantric Buddhist priest of King Pratap Malla called Manju Bajra or jamun guvaju. On this way to Swayambhu stupa from home, the alms of rice given by this devotee would be cooked on his bowl known as kala.
A bahal containing Lichhavi period stone chaitya with four different images of Buddha framed by ornamented pilasters and bracket coital supporting a cosmos decorated with foliage. It is the home of Gun Jyoti who erected Chusya Bahal which hold the finest wooden architecture of ancient Kathmandu.(C7)
A grandmother goddess who was brought from Assam conducting tantric rituals. She turned into solid gold at her famous alter at Bhadrakali in 724 AD. Similarly Kanga, Luti, Phibo, Pasiko, Thambahi, Chandra Lakhu and Nai ajima are other deities established outside the city in a form of a khadga sword. (See sketch map)
In 722 AD, a tantric priest called Saswat Bajra had a clay replica built of the creature he saw above the sky and with the power of his mantra had the deity dwell on it. Since he was on a journey ,the deity promised to reside every Saturday which people worshipped now as Mahakal Bhairab.
A tantric deity brought from Assam by Swaswat Bajra during the process of building of Kathmandu city. The deity was invited to reside in the southern part of guard the city.
Has the largest kwapa dya 12 feet high of the existing 113 bahals. At present the area is used daily as a grain selling depot which was built by Ravi Gupta during the region of King Basanta Dev(512-532).
Constructed by Singha Sarth Bahu who led 500 tradesmen to Lhasa in the 11  century. During Holi Punhi, his portrait known as Chakandeo is brought out to celebrate his heroic deed of slaying demons who followed him back to his home town. 
Build by a crippled craftsman as his second masterpiece during the reign of Queen Navsagar in 5 century. Palanchowk Bhagwati was his first masterpiece which was followed by Shova bhagwati ,Nala Bhagwati and Naxal Bhawati in spite of his disabled condition.
A bahal established by Wak Bajra who brought the Buddhist stupa all the way from Baneras with aid of simple thread during the reign of King Nripendra Malla in 1670 AD.He invited Shakya families from Ason tole to reside and perform the annual festival of the stupa.
A rest house for traders at Maru tole said to be build from a single tree provided by Kalpa brikssha the tree of paradise who came to observe the chariot festival of Jan Baha dyo was held a prisoner.
An alter established near Bishnumati river by King Gunkamdev for the protection of kathmandu from evil spirits.It lies inside Bilasabahi,a very important temple for Buddhist for Kathmandu. Every newly married couple of newar families make a pilgrimage here to begin their new life.(See sketch map)
The last bahal of the northern part of ancient Kathmandu. The bahal has the finest architecture left in the valley made in 1649 AD by Gunjyoti bajracharya. Visitors can identify the dieties by their names at the base of 12 exterior and 22 interior struts.
One of the four main Ganesh of Kathmandu valley at Maru Tole.The idol was discovered  near the sacred Ashoka tree during the reign of King Gunkamdev. The temple built in 18 century does not have a pinnacle (gajur) on top.
An upper town water spout Kathmandu . The place has a white chaitya built by Wak Bajra to cover the stone spout which used to fpow with golden sand. The place is the end part of the city called Thane which is inhabited by upper class of the society mainly priests and merchants.
Home of the tantric priest Saswat Bajra who brought the principal dieties of Kathmandu.Mahakal Bhairab, Sankata, Lumari ajima, and Jana Bahal dyo for the prosperity of the city during the reign of King Gunkam Dev in 8 century.
A bahal built with the left over wood from Kasthamandap. It is the home of famous astrologer Lila Bajra whose verdict of eclipse in the 17 century came true on the dark full moon day(aunshi) . He also depicted his tantric power by tempting the Hanuman of Hanumandhoka palace with sweets offered by him.
There are four main temples of Narayan or Lord Bishnu of which Nem Narayan shrine lies at the southern border of Kathmandu built in 725 AD. Other templesWande Narayan, Ikha Narayan and Atko Narayan were built during the Malla dynasty in 17 century.
Last water spout built in Kathmandu city by Prime Minisrer Bhimesen Thapa also known as Sundhara in 1821 AD when he built Bhimsen tower at the parade ground of Tundikhel. Water source of this famous spout built in a shape of mandala lies at Bhotahity which is covered by the busy road today.
Apart from the interesting zone of bahals, temple and waer spouts, Kathmandu city is the home of 4 major world heritage Sites namely kathmandu Durbar Square , Pashupati, Swayambhu and Boudhha.
A defunct Buddhist bahal which lies near Teku road along the Bishnumati river. It also contains huge clay Buddha as kwapa dyo which is the only remaining structure of the bahal. Why it is abandoned or the cause of its huge  idol is not known which may have some link with Mahabu bahal.
Kwohity means a water spout of the lower town of Kathmandu. This part of town is called Kwone, home of the working class of society mainly artists, farmers and service providing community. The date of construction of the spout was not known but it was renovated in 1780 AD.
House of Nasa dyo or god of music and dance constructed at Maru tole by King Pratap Malla where he used to performed dance and music ceremonies. Kathmandu has 32 nasa dyo which is worshipped before learning the art of music and dance. Also known as dhansa dyo chen, it was rebuilt after the 1934 earthquake.  

(and largest city) Kathmandu (Nepali: काठमाडौं)
 27°42′N 85°19′E27.7°N 85.317°E
Official language(s) Nepali[1]
Recognised regional languages:
Maithili, Nepal Bhasa, Bhojpuri, Tharu, Gurung, Tamang, Magar, Awadhi, Sherpa, Kiranti, Limbu and other 100 different indigenous languages.
Demonym Nepali
President Dr. Ram Baran Yadav
Vice President Parmanand Jha
Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers Khil Raj Regmi
     Kingdom declared    December 21, 1768
     State declared    January 15, 2007
     Republic declared    May 28, 2008
     Total    147,181 km2 (93rd) 56,827 sq mi
     Water (%)2.8
   29,391,883 (July 2011 est.)
    Density 199.3/km2 (56th) 518.1/sq mi
    GDP (PPP) 2009 estimate-     Total    $33.643 billion[3]
    Per capita $1,205[3]
    GDP (nominal) 2009 estimate      Total    $12.615 billion[3]
    Per capita $452[3]

General advice
Bring adequate supplies of all medications in their original containers, clearly labeled. Carry a signed, dated letter from the primary physician describing all medical conditions and listing all medications, including generic names. If carrying syringes or needles, be sure to carry a physician\\\'s letter documenting their medical necessity.Pack all medications in hand luggage. Carry a duplicate supply in the checked luggage. If you wear glasses or contacts, bring an extra pair. If you have significant allergies or chronic medical problems, wear a medical alert bracelet.
Make sure your health insurance covers you for medical expenses abroad. If not, supplemental insurance for overseas coverage, including possible evacuation, should be seriously considered. If illness occurs while abroad, medical expenses including evacuation may run to tens of thousands of dollars. For a list of travel insurance and air ambulance companies, go to Medical Information for Americans Traveling Abroad on the U.S. State Department website. Bring your insurance card, claim forms, and any other relevant insurance documents. Before departure, determine whether your insurance plan will make payments directly to providers or reimburse you later for overseas health expenditures. The Medicare and Medicaid programs do not pay for medical services outside the United States.
Pack a personal medical kit, customized for your trip (see description). Take appropriate measures to prevent motion sickness and jet lag, discussed elsewhere. On long flights, be sure to walk around the cabin, contract your leg muscles periodically, and drink plenty of fluids to prevent blood clots in the legs. For those at high risk for blood clots, consider wearing compression stockings.
Avoid contact with stray dogs and other animals. If an animal bites or scratches you, clean the wound with large amounts of soap and water and contact local health authorities immediately. Wear sun block regularly when needed. Use condoms for all sexual encounters. Ride only in motor vehicles with seat belts. Do not ride on motorcycles.

Summary of medical recommendations:
All travelers should visit either their personal physician or a travel health clinic 4-8 weeks before departure.
Malaria:Â Prophylaxis with Lariam (mefloquine), Malarone (atovaquone/proguanil), or doxycycline is recommended for rural areas at altitudes below 1200 m (3937 ft) in the Tarai and Hill districts bordering India and for the areas of the inner Tarai valley areas of Udaypur Sindhupalchowk, Makwanpur, Chitwan, and Dang

Hepatitis A    Recommended for all travelers
Typhoid    Recommended for all travelers
Polio    One-time booster recommended for any adult traveler who completed the childhood series but never had polio vaccine as an adult
Yellow fever    Required for all travelers arriving from a yellow-fever-infected area in Africa or the Americas. Not recommended otherwise.
Japanese encephalitis    For travelers who may spend a month or more in rural areas and for short-term travelers who may spend substantial time outdoors in rural areas, especially after dusk
Hepatitis B    Recommended for all travelers
Rabies    For travelers spending a lot of time outdoors, or at high risk for animal bites, or involved in any activities that might bring them into direct contact with bats
Measles, mumps, rubella (MMR)    Two doses recommended for all travelers born after 1956, if not previously given
Tetanus-diphtheria    Revaccination recommended every 10 years

Food and water precautions
Do not drink tap water unless it has been boiled, filtered, or chemically disinfected. Do not drink unbottled beverages or drinks with ice. Do not eat fruits or vegetables unless they have been peeled or cooked. Avoid cooked foods that are no longer piping hot. Cooked foods that have been left at room temperature are particularly hazardous. Avoid unpasteurized milk and any products that might have been made from unpasteurized milk, such as ice cream. Avoid food and beverages obtained from street vendors. Do not eat raw or undercooked meat or fish. Some types of fish may contain poisonous biotoxins even when cooked. Barracuda in particular should never be eaten. Other fish that may contain toxins include red snapper, grouper, amberjack, and sea bass.

All travelers should bring along an antibiotic and an antidiarrheal drug to be started promptly if significant diarrhea occurs, defined as three or more loose stools in an 8-hour period or five or more loose stools in a 24-hour period, especially if accompanied by nausea, vomiting, cramps, fever or blood in the stool. Antibiotics which have been shown to be effective include ciprofloxacin (Cipro), levofloxacin (Levaquin), rifaximin (Xifaxan), or azithromycin (Zithromax). Either loperamide (Imodium) or diphenoxylate (Lomotil) should be taken in addition to the antibiotic to reduce diarrhea and prevent dehydration.
If diarrhea is severe or bloody, or if fever occurs with shaking chills, or if abdominal pain becomes marked, or if diarrhea persists for more than 72 hours, medical attention should be sought.

Tourist visa:

1.    The foreign tourist visiting Nepal shall be granted the tourist visa.
2.    The tourist visa shall be granted for a period in maximum of 150 days in a visa year (Visa years means January to December).
3.    A tourist who has departed before the expiry of the period specified in the visa issued in a visa year shall not be allowed to use the visa by adding the remaining period to another visa year.
4.    If any foreigner who has entered into Nepal towards the end of a visa year desires to spend even the period during which he may stay in Nepal with the tourist visa of the other visa year, he may use such facility.
Provided, however, that the computation of the fees for such period shall be made on the basis of the total period of his stay.
1.    An application for the tourist visa has to be submitted in the format as referred to in Appendix 1.
•  Fees to be levied while issuing tourist visa by the Mission or entry point:
1.    US Dollars 25 or other convertible foreign currency equivalent thereto for 15 days multiple entry visa.
2.    US Dollars 40 or other convertible foreign currency equivalent thereto for 30 days multiple entry visa.
3.    US Dollars 100 or other convertible foreign currency equivalent thereto for 90 days multiple entry visa.
4.    Not withstanding anything written in clause (a) and (b), no visa fee shall be applicable to the passport holder of member states of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) for 30 days .

Average Maximum - Minimum Temperatures
(In degrees Celsius; * Rainy Season)

Jan         Feb      Mar       Apr        May        Jun           Jul             Aug         Sep           Oct         Nov       Dec
19 - 2     20 - 4    25 - 8     30 - 11    30 - 16    30 - 20*    30 - 21*    29 - 20*    27 - 19      23 - 15    23 - 4      20 - 2
20 - 8    21 - 8    27 - 11    30 - 16    30 - 19    30 - 20*    30 - 21*    30 - 21*    29 - 20*    27 - 18    23 - 11    20 - 8
24 - 7    26 - 8    33 - 12    35 - 18    35 - 20    35 - 23*    33 - 24*    33 - 24*    32 - 22*    31 - 18    29 - 12    24 - 8

Other Places: Bhairahawa : (43 - 6) Gorkha : (36 - 7) Jiri : (28 - minus6)

Source: Wikipedia


General Travel Services
Special Interest Tours
Nature package
Crane Watch (Lumbini)
Best of Wildlife and Wetlands (Shivapuri – Chitwan and Koshi)
Best of Nepal Wildlife (Shivapuri – Pokhara – Lumbini – Chitwan)
Best of Nepal Birding Safari (Shivapuri – Lumbini – Chitwan and Koshi)
Filming /Photography
Conference & Seminars
Educational Packages
Nepal Nature Travels' items Go to Nepal Nature Travels' photostream
Recommended Destinations
  Kathmandu Valley   Bhaktapur Durbar Square   Chitwan
Recommended Activities
Bird watching and hike in Shivapuri Nagarjung, Elephant Safari, River safari and Jeep safari in Chitwan, Trek to Everest, Langtang, Annapurna and Mustang, Scenic Mountain tour of Pokhara, Sarus Crane and Bird Watching in Lumbini the birthplace of Buddha, Sunrise and Sunset view from Nagarkot, Mountain Flight to see Mt. Everest and Himalayan Range, Tracking Wild Bengal Tigers and Wild Asian Elephants in Bardia, Mahasheer Fishing in Karnali River, White water rafting in Bhote Koshi and Trishuli River, Journey to the valley of Snow Leopards,